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Thread: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

  1. #1

    Default Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    Hi...

    I'm interested in the typical internal resistance of NiMH batteries and how to measure it.

    Specifically, I'm testing the Rayovac IC3 15 minute AA and AAA's
    and I would like to see how they compare with other NiMH's.

    This is what I have done so far. I've tested the AA's with
    2000mah and AAA's with 800mah.

    By shorting the battery with a meter measuring current up to 10A
    I find the AAA with give 6A and the AA gives almost 7A.

    If I calculate using V=IR I get about .25 ohms.
    Is this the right way to go about it?

    David

  2. #2
    Flashaholic*
    Join Date
    Apr 2002
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    Boise, ID
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    2,639

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    no, because you haven't taken into account the contact resistance of your probes to the cell, the resistance of the probe wires, or the resistance of the shunt resistor in your meter either.

    AA NiMH should give about 25 milliOhms of resistance.

  3. #3

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    So how do I measure it?

  4. #4
    Flashaholic* MrAl's Avatar
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    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    Hi there,

    You might want to try measuring the voltage with a light
    load, call this v1, then again with a load, call this v2.
    If you assume v1 is the open circuit voltage, then v2
    is the loaded voltage, and the difference appears across
    the internal resistance. Knowing the current with the
    heavier load and you can calc the Ri.

    A better way is to apply a low ac signal and measure
    phase and amplitude, then from this info calculate
    the resistance and theoretical capacitance.
    In other words, you look at the battery as being a
    big capacitor with an unknown series resistance and an
    unknown capacitance and try to calculate both from an
    ac current perturbation.

    I've used standard line frequency 60Hz in the past
    to compare rechargeables.

    Take care,
    Al

  5. #5

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    This is how both no load EMF (volts) and internal resistance would be done as a physics leason.

    This appnote from Dallas/Maxim shows a fairly simple circuit to give the internal resistance. It uses a DMM and a function generator.

    Remember internal resistance increases as the cell is discharged. A significant increase in a fully charged cell may show that the cell is reaching the end of its useful life.

  6. #6
    Flashaholic*
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    MR. Al's and gwbaltzell suggested very good approaches. My humble approach for a ballpark number is to put 2 identical batteries 'head-to-head' and measure the total resistance between the two negatives with my ohmmeter. This requires identical voltages on each battery and I've only done it with analog meters with high input impedences (one megaohm per volt or more, IIRC).
    It's been a while since I've done that - now I mainly use MrAl's first method with two meters, one for voltage and one for current.

  7. #7

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    [ QUOTE ]
    evan9162 said:
    AA NiMH should give about 25 milliOhms of resistance.

    [/ QUOTE ]

    So they can supply 60 amps? [img]/ubbthreads/images/graemlins/confused.gif[/img]

  8. #8

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    [ QUOTE ]
    IlluminatingBikr said:
    [ QUOTE ]
    evan9162 said:
    AA NiMH should give about 25 milliOhms of resistance.

    [/ QUOTE ]

    So they can supply 60 amps? [img]/ubbthreads/images/graemlins/confused.gif[/img]

    [/ QUOTE ]

    Yes, but not for long! Remember resistance increases as the cells discharge. Most manufacturers rate their product in terms of sustained drain. This is normally as a multiple of the 5 hour capacity. Typical ranges are 2C to 5C. The actual capacity is significantly derated at these drain levels.
    Even cells/batteries drained (preferrable to 1.0V and not below 0.8 V per cell) can still deliver a high current and pose a burn/fire hazard if shorted!

  9. #9

    Default Re: Typical Internal Resistance of NiMH

    duracell's nimh rates their internal resistance from
    170-175 mOhms (100-0%)

    linky

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